Palaeologus family, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, Byzantine family that became prominent in the 11th century, the members of which married into the imperial houses of Comnenus, Ducas, and Angelus. After his death in … The letter supposedly requested that if that was the case, the head of the family should be provided with the means of returning to Greece, with the trip paid for by the Greek government. [15] It is possible that Allatius had access to earlier documents, now lost, which would have proven the legitimacy of the Paleologus line. Constantine Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Kōnstantinos Palaiologos; died 1508) was a 16th-century noble of Greek descent who served as a soldier in Italy. [8], This did little to stop individuals in various parts of Europe from claiming descent from the old imperial dynasty. Palaeologus family, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, Byzantine family that became prominent in the 11th century, the members of which married into the imperial houses of Comnenus, Ducas, and … Constantine XI Palaiologos (1405-1453) [57] It is possible that the crescent was mistakenly added by Nicholas Lower, who commissioned the tombstone after Theodore's death. [35][13], After being exiled, Theodore is next attested upon his arrival to England in 1597, there to kill a man named Alessandro Antelminelli, wanted by the authorities of the Republic of Lucca. Another branch of the family, descended from Theodore, son of Andronicus II, held the marquisate of Montferrat from 1305 to 1533. Corrections? - 1422) - Genealogy Genealogy for Isabella Doria (Palaiologina) (b. Constantine XI Dragasēs Palaiologos, Despot of Morea, Byzantine Emperor, was born 8 February 1405 to Manuel II Palaiologos (1350-1425) and Jelena DragaÅ¡ (c1372-1450) and died 29 May 1453 of … The Paleologus family (pl. The last known living member of the family, Godscall Paleologue, is last attested as a newborn baby in 1694 and her subsequent fate is unknown. Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos (8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453). … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. It appears that much of it was rewritten by an editor at a later date and the timeline the works provide is somewhat questionable, having Thomas's wife Catherine give birth to one of their children at the age of 65. [52] There are no sources on Godscall beyond her baptismal records and her subsequent fate is unknown. Genealogy for Prince Andronikos Palaiologos, Lord of Thessalonica (1403 - 1428) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. [16] Allatius gives the sons of Thomas as "Andrea, Manuele and Ioanne". [18] If the existence of John is accepted, in some form, there is little reason to doubt the descent of the Paleologi in Pesaro. [19] The members of the family probably believed it themselves[20] and by the time they arrived in England, none of their contemporaries doubted their imperial descent. [22] Ultimately, the delegation's search was in vain and they found no living embodiments of their lost empire. What happened to the descendants of the last Emperor of Byzantine Empire Constantine XI Paleologos? Thomas was a brother of Constantine XI Palaiologos, the final Byzantine emperor. His maternal grandfather was Constantine DragaÅ¡. [36] At this point, Theodore had established himself as an assassin, and seems to have had an impressive reputation. His son Andronicus II (reigned 1282–1328) and his grandson Michael IX (died 1320) succeeded him as coemperors. [58], The arms on the tombstone also features a small crescent at the bottom. Sphrantzes's works are not unquestionable, however. [11] Many of the non-imperial Byzantine Palaiologoi were part of the nobility and served as generals or powerful landowners. The emperor Constantine has rightly been called the most important emperor of Late Antiquity. [37] Ultimately, Theodore failed to kill Antelminelli, and perhaps because he wanted a safer and more stable profession (he was around 40 years old), he stayed in England for the rest of his life, first entering into the service of Henry Clinton, the Earl of Lincoln. ς; Latin: Ioannes Iustinianus Longus) (died 1453) was a young Genoese captain, a member of one of the greatest families of the Republic, … [26], Beginning with English historian Steven Runciman's 1965 book The Fall of Constantinople, in which the double-headed eagle on the tombstone of Theodore is described as having "no business to be there", a number modern scholars have dismissed the later Paleologi as impostors, mainly on account of the lack of evidence for John's existence. [12], The Paleologus family, attested as living in Pesaro, Italy, from the early 16th century onwards, claimed descent from a third son of Thomas Palaiologos, called John. Constantine XI Dragasēs Palaiologos (February 8, 1404 – May 29, 1453) He was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor from 1449 to his death as member of the Palaiologos dynasty. Explore genealogy for Manuel II Palaiologos born 1350 died 1425 including ancestors + descendants + 1 photos + 1 genealogist comments + more in the free family tree community. [19] English historian Jonathan Harris commented that the precise genealogy presented on the tombstone is "almost certainly incorrect". Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. It had no navy but the land frontiers in Anatolia, policed by well-paid troops, were…, The phenomenon called the Palaeologian Renaissance (from the dynasty of the Palaeologians, 1261–1453) led to a renewal of Byzantine mosaic art. Constantine XI Palaeologus, Palaeologus also spelled Palaiologos, (born February 9, 1404, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]—died May 29, 1453, Constantinople), the last Byzantine emperor (1449–53), killed in the final defense of Constantinople against the Ottoman Turks. Constantine XI Dragasēs Palaiologos (8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning monarch of the Byzantine Empire (and, as such, of the Roman Empire).He ruled from 1449 until his death in … [17] John could thus very well have been a real historical figure and a genuine son of Thomas Palaiologos, possibly illegitimate. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [46] He quickly became one of the elite on the island, cultivating cotton or sugar and possibly pineapples and was highly influential in the affairs of the local St. John's Parish Church. John VIII Palaiologos (18 December 1392 - 31 October 1448). He died in Rome and was survived by at least four children; Helena, Zoe, Andreas and Manuel. John V was succeeded, however, by his second son, Manuel II (1391–1425). They might have been late-surviving descendants of the Palaiologos dynasty, rulers of the Byzantine Empire from 1259/1261 to its fall in 1453. [2][3] As the Byzantine Empire collapsed over the course of the 14th and 15th centuries due to internal strife and the aggressive expansion of the Ottoman Empire, many Byzantine nobles fled their crumbling empire, travelling to Western Europe. The stylistic innovations that made themselves felt both in painting and mosaics of the late 13th and beginning 14th century bear witness to one of the most startling…, …occupation and who founded the Palaeologan dynasty, the last and longest-lived of the empire’s ruling houses.…. 1390 – 1456/59) was a Byzantine aristocrat, a member of the Kantakouzenos family, and adventurer. Having failed to kill Leone, the three Paleologi had barricaded themselves in a church in an attempt to avoid arrest. - 1422) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors … In English heraldry, such a crescent denotes someone as a second son,[58] meaning that it is possible that Theodore had an older brother,[59] but no older son of Camilio Paleologus is known. Died young. His brothers included the Byzantine emperors John VIII Palaiologos and Constantine XI Palaiologos, as well as Theodore II Palaiologos and Demetrios Palaiologos, Despots of the Morea, and Andronikos Palaiologos, Despot of Thessalonica. Tradition has it that during the Greek War of Independence (1821–1829), over a century after the Paleologi disappeared from history, a delegation was sent by the provisional government in Athens to find living descendants of the old imperial family. His victory at the Milvian Bridge counts among the most decisive moments in world history, while his legalization and support of Christianity and his foundation of a 'New Rome' at Byzantium rank among th… John disappears from history soon thereafter, but Ferdinand stayed on the island for the rest of his life, becoming known there as the "Greek prince from Cornwall". [44] The fates of the three brothers were caught up in the English Civil War of 1642–1651. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, He is also known by the Turkish nickname Sachatai, which he earned in the service of the Despot Constantine … [4] Many Byzantine refugees, though unrelated to the emperors, legitimately bore the name Palaiologos due to the extensive nature of the family. [13] The most widely accepted source on the life of Thomas Palaiologos, the works of contemporary Byzantine historian George Sphrantzes, mentions all the other four children but fails to mention John. They might have been late-surviving descendants of the Palaiologos dynasty, rulers of the Byzantine Empire from 1259/1261 to its fall in 1453.